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Shoulder pain can make everyday activities challenging and unbearable. The shoulder is made up of several joints, tendons and muscles that allow a wide range of movement. Because of this, it can be hurt by a variety of conditions.
Here are some common reasons for shoulder pain:
Rotator Cuff Injuries
The Rotator Cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, keeping the head of the upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. A rotator cuff injury can cause a dull ache in the shoulder, which often worsens when you try to sleep on the involved side. A torn rotator cuff is a common shoulder injury that can be caused from repeated movements while playing sports, performing a job function or doing common household chores, such as yard work.
The most common type of shoulder arthritis is Osteoarthritis. It is also known as “wear-and-tear” arthritis and damages the smooth outer covering of bone. As the cartilage wears away, the protective space between the bones is reduced. The bones of the joint rub against each other causing pain. Other less common forms of shoulder arthritis include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Posttraumatic Arthritis and Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy.
Bursae are tiny, fluid filled sacs found inside each of your shoulders. They provide cushion and reduce friction between muscles and the bone. When a bursa sac is inflamed or irritated, it can cause bursitis. It usually happens from repeated pressure or using the joint too much. The most common symptom of this condition is pain, but the joint may also be stiff and swollen.
The shoulder joint is the body’s most mobile joint. It can turn in many directions, but this also makes the shoulder an easy joint to dislocate.
A dislocation happens when the ball pops out of your socket. A dislocation can be partial, or a complete dislocation means it is all the way out of the socket. A common type of shoulder dislocation is when the shoulder slips forward, when the upper arm bone is moved forward and out of its socket.
A shoulder separation involves the AC joint (acromioclavicular joint). The AC joint is where the collarbone meets the highest point of the shoulder blade. The most common cause for a separation of the AC joint is from a fall directly onto the shoulder, injuring the ligaments surrounding the AC joint. If the force is severe, the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle are torn and causes the separation of the collarbone and the shoulder blade.
Frozen shoulder happens when the connective tissue lining the shoulder joint thickens and becomes inflamed. It causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder and the shoulder may become more difficult to move. The risk of developing frozen shoulder increases when recovering from a medical condition or procedure that prevents you from moving your arm.
A shoulder fracture is a partial or total crack to one of the shoulder’s main bones, clavicle, scapula, or humerus. A fracture of any of these shoulder bones can greatly impair your mobility and cause severe pain. Shoulder fractures happen as a result of trauma or injury to the shoulder from a fall, sports, car accident or any direct blow to the shoulder.
Shoulder pain can occur from a variety of issues, but arthritis, injury, and repetitive motion are leading causes of many of these conditions. Keeping your shoulders healthy and getting a proper diagnosis is important. Our highly experienced orthopedic physicians are experts at diagnosing and treating the full range of shoulder issues. Contact us today with any shoulder trouble you are having.
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