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Mon, 26 Oct 2020

The Benefits of a Partial Knee Replacement

Partial Knee Replacement: Orthopedic Knee Surgery by Miller Orthopedic Specialists

Arthritis in the knee can cause pain and make everyday activities more difficult. There are a range of treatment options, but if the arthritis is limited to just one area of the knee, a partial knee replacement is a minimally invasive option to consider. Partial knee replacement is also called a unicompartmental knee replacement and essentially means that only a portion of the knee is replaced or resurfaced.

Partial knee replacement is a surgery that replaces only one of the parts of the knee. Your knee is divided into three major compartments:

 

  • Medial (the inside part)
  • Lateral (the outside part)
  • Patellofemoral (the front of the knee)

This procedure uses smaller incisions to remove the damaged tissue and bone in the knee joint. The areas are replaced with a prosthetic or resurfaced, which leaves healthy parts of the joint preserved. Because only the damaged compartment is replaced, the healthy cartilage and bone in the rest of the knee are left alone. This means that a patient will usually spend less time recovering and return to normal activities sooner than with a total knee replacement.

If your knee pain continues after taking anti-inflammatories, maintaining a healthy weight, and trying other non-surgical treatments, you may want to consider a partial knee replacement. What are some of the benefits of a partial knee replacement over total knee replacement?

  • Recovering more quickly
  • Less pain during recovery
  • Can feel more natural than a total knee replacement
  • Less blood and bone loss
  • Smaller scar

A few of the important considerations for whether you may be a good candidate include having an intact ACL, a sufficient range of knee motion, damage to only one compartment, and a stable knee. The minimally invasive partial knee replacement is ideal for patients with severe arthritis of the knee that have not found relief with standard non-surgical treatments. A thorough evaluation with an orthopedic surgeon will ultimately determine whether you are a good candidate for a partial knee replacement.

Recovery from a partial knee replacement takes approximately six weeks, including rehabilitation exercises to help maintain your range of motion and restore your strength. You will begin putting weight on your knee immediately after surgery and may need a walker, cane, or crutches until you become comfortable enough to walk. During this time, you will also continue to see your orthopedic surgeon for follow-up visits.

If you have joint pain or arthritis and want to return to your active lifestyle, we are here to help. Our specialists work with you to diagnose, treat, and answer your questions and get you back doing the things you love. It’s quality of life! Request an appointment online or call us at 712-323-5333.

Thu, 01 Oct 2020

What is Regenerative Medicine?

Regenerative Medicine by Miller Orthopedic Doctors

Regenerative medicine is an emerging procedure that promotes healing at the cellular level. Our bodies can do incredible things and this treatment encourages faster healing, repairs tissue, reduces pain and speeds recovery time after injury or surgery. The process involves replacing or regenerating cells, tissues and organs for treating medical conditions.

Regenerative medicine stimulates the patient’s body to repair and heal. Stem cell therapy is a type of regenerative medicine that can grow and develop many different types of cells in your body. With a stem cell injection, the area treated can receive healing properties for damaged tissue, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone. Let’s explore more about this newer medical therapy.

Stem cells are used for treating all kinds of conditions, but just some of the orthopedic conditions include:

What are some of the benefits of this type of treatment?

A Less Painful Treatment Option

Regenerative medicine targets tissue in the exact place to provide the greatest help. During healing, you will feel far less pain than you would from an injury and surgery. The risk of complications from this procedure is low. The pain typically subsides in three days or less, and is usually well tolerated. The risk of infection is very low, but is not non-existent.

Faster Healing Time

The growth factors used in regenerative medicine help kickstart the process, leading to faster healing. Healing is boosted by concentrating and precisely targeting cells to where they’re needed most. Orthopedic Doctors, like Dr. Larose and Dr. Atteberry, perform these injections directly into the area of injury or damage. While recovery time varies by person, many patients start to feel better and see improvement within 1-3 months. Every patient is different and the amount of damage before the procedure can impact how quickly one recovers.

Other benefits include:

  • Customized treatments to fit your needs
  • Supports long term healing
  • Prolongs the need for potential surgery
  • Simple and quick procedure
  • Safe for your body

What are the treatment types and how do they work?

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) – PRP is a concentration of platelets and growth factors created from a small amount of your own blood. Platelets are concentrated down to a cellular level. Outside of the bloodstream these platelets become activated and release important proteins to help increase growth levels and improved signaling of recruitment cells. This procedure is usually done in less than half an hour.

Autologous Conditioned Plasma (ACP) – A small amount of your blood is collected and goes through a rapid spinning process that separates and concentrates platelets. The main difference between this and PRP is that the platelets get spun down and concentrated further with ACP using the Arthex Angel System. The process takes place in less than an hour.

Amniotic Fluid (AF) – AF is a protein-rich fluid with proven regenerative potential. Amnion contains growth factors and proteins essential to healing that reduce scar formation, reduce inflammation, and support soft tissue regeneration. This fluid has a complex range of growth factors and anti-inflammatory properties that are injected into your body. 

Bone Marrow Concentrate (BMC) – BMC is a concentration of stem cells, platelets and growth factors created from your own bone marrow. Increased levels of growth factors can improve signaling and recruitment of cells for faster healing. Local anesthesia is applied and some bone marrow is removed. It is then filtered down to retrieve the stem cells. Then, the stem cells get injected in or around the location of the injured joint or tissue.

To find out if regenerative medicine treatments are right for you, make an appointment with an orthopedic specialist at Miller Orthopedic today.

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